1 Samuel 10 – My Study Notes


S. O. A. K.  Method – S: scripture, O: observe, A: application and K: Kneel before the Lord and pray.

I know this is long but I found it helpful for me today of all days as we witness the coming of a new president. This was from my digging deeper with the Blue Letter Bible Study Guide.

S 1 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance?

Samuel took a flask of oil and poured it on his head: This was a literal anointing of Saul. The word “anoint” means to rub or sprinkle on; apply an unguent, ointment, or oily liquid to.

When Samuel poured it on his head, Saul was anointed with oil.
i. But the idea of anointing is much bigger. What happened to Saul’s head and body was simply a picture of what God was doing in him spiritually. The Holy Spirit was being poured out on him, equipping him for the job of being king over Israel.
ii. Priests were anointed for their special service to the LORD (Exodus 28:41). Literal oil would be applied, but as a sign of the Holy Spirit upon their lives and service. The oil on the head was only the outward representation of the real, spiritual work going on inside them.
iii. Sometimes anointing oil would be poured (Exodus 29:7), sometimes it would be sprinkled (Exodus 29:21). This shows that the Holy Spirit’s equipping for service is poured out in different ways and in different measures at different times and on different persons.
iv. Exodus 30:22-33 tells us about the special anointing oil. It was regarded as a sacred compound that could not be imitated nor used as normal perfuming oil. Since oil is emblematic of the Holy Spirit, we see that the Holy Spirit is not poured out to enhance our flesh, but to glorify Himself. Exodus 30:32 says specifically: it shall not be poured on man’s flesh. Also, the work of the Holy Spirit is never to be imitated: nor shall you make any other like it … it is holy, and it shall be holy to you (Exodus 30:32). There is to be no place for encouraging a fleshly imitation of the gifts or operations of the Holy Spirit; this denies the holiness of the Holy Spirit, regarding His work as something we can do just as well on our own.
v. “In 1988 archaeologists uncovered in the bottom of a three-foot-deep put near Qumran, at the northwestern end of the Dead Sea, a five-inch-diameter clay flask wrapped in a nest of palm fibers and containing a small amount of well-preserved reddish oil, probably distilled from balsam. Dating from the first century A.D., the oil may be the only surviving sample of its kind and may be similar to that use to anoint ancient Israelite kings.” (Youngblood)
vi. As Christians under the New Covenant, we also have an anointing: But you have an anointing from the Holy One(1 John 2:20). In the New Testament sense, anointing has the idea of being filled with, and blessed by, the Holy Spirit. This is something that is the common property of all Christians, but something we can and should become more submitted and responsive to. “As oil was used among the Asiatics for the inauguration of persons in important offices, and this oil was acknowledged to be an emblem of the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit, without which the duties of those offices could not be discharged; so it is put here for the Spirit himself, who presided in the Church, and from which all gifts and graces flowed.” (Clarke)

For God to use Saul to the fullest, he had to be turned into another man by the filling of the Spirit of the LORD.
When we let the Spirit of the LORD fill us and change us, then we can see the work of God really done.
God gave him another heart: Samuel did not give it. Saul did not even give it to himself. The new heart was a gift from God. We can have another heart from the LORD also, but we must receive it from him. We can’t receive a new heart from anyone from God, and we can never make a new heart in anyone else.

K: Father God, please use our new president for your will. May you watch over him and protect him today. Just as Saul was used so many years ago for your will, may our president seek you on a daily walk. We don’t know his heart, only you do Lord. But I pray you will enlighten his heart to do what is right in your eyes. Amen

May you continue to search the word of the living God and not lean unto your own understanding.  


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